What Is The Paris Peace Agreement
A tentative ceasefire agreement was reached in October 1972. The agreement called for the simultaneous withdrawal of American troops and the freedom of American prisoners of war, followed by a political solution for the future of South Vietnam. Washington would expand economic aid after the war to help Vietnam rebuild its destroyed infrastructure. On October 22, Nixon suspended all bombing north of the 20th Parallel, and four days later Kissinger announced that “peace is within reach.” The most important decisions were the creation of the League of Nations; the five peace treaties with defeated enemies; the attribution of German and Ottoman overseas ownership as “mandates,” in particular to members of the British Empire and France; The reparations imposed on Germany and the drawing of new national borders (sometimes with referendums) to better reflect the forces of nationalism. The main result was the Treaty of Versailler with Germany, which, in Section 231, blamed the war on “the aggression of Germany and its allies. This provision proved humiliating for Germany and prepared the conditions for very high repairs that Germany had to pay (it paid only a small portion before the end of the repairs in 1931). In February 1970, National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger began secret talks with North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho outside Paris, while the formal peace process continued in the city. However, until the summer of 1972, little progress was made. At that time, Nixon continued a détente with both China and the Soviet Union and wanted to leave Vietnam behind before the next elections. Both sides wanted peace. Hanoi feared political isolation if the United States moved closer to China and the Soviet Union.
They also knew that peace could put an end to the terrible American bombing and finally mean the total withdrawal of the military giant. Nixon wanted to move on to other foreign policy initiatives. North Vietnam insisted for three years that the agreement could not be reached unless the United States agreed to remove South Vietnamese President Nguyen Vén Thiu from power and replace him with someone more acceptable to Hanoi. Nixon and Kissinger were not prepared to sign an agreement to overthrow a government that had not overthrew the NLF by force of arms, although the scale of North Vietnam`s claims is controversial. Historian Marilyn B. Young argues that the content of Hanois` proposal was systematically distorted by his initial plea for Thiu`s assimilation to what Kissinger advocated as a demand for his downfall.  Contract negotiations have also been weakened by the absence of other important nations.